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The gender pay gap in the European Union

The gender pay gap in the EU stands at 14.1% and has only changed minimally over the last decade. It means that women earn 14.1% on average less per hour than men. Women in the EU even earned 39.6% less than men overall in 2014 The gender pay gap in the European Union Differences between EU countries There are considerable differences between EU countries, with the gender pay gap ranging from less than 8% in Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland and Romania to more than 20% in Czechia, Germany, Estonia and United Kingdom How big is the gender wage gap in the EU? Women in the EU earn on average almost 15% less per hour than men. There are large differences between member states: the biggest gender pay gap was recorded in Estonia (23%), while the EU country with the lowest gender pay gap was Romania (3%)

The gender pay gap situation in the EU European Commissio

There is a lot of gender discrimination in the society, that has different branches such as the gender wage gap, wage differential and gender pay gap.The society generates a lot of stereotypes in the labour force between men and women, race, religion etc. Wealth is the key to be able to know the quantity of gender pay inequality, that has a psychological and sociological impact on the lives of. The findings reveal that in 11 EU member states, the gender pay gap was most distinct in the financial and insurance sectors, with the gross hourly earnings for women on average more than 30% below.. According to the most recent data which relates to 2010, the gender pay gap (the difference between men's and women's pay, based on the average difference in gross hourly earnings of all employees) remains at 16.2% in the European Union. The data on the gender pay gap is based on the methodology used for the Structure of Earnings Survey , which is carried out every four years by Eurostat. The gender pay gap is referred to officially as the unadjusted gender pay gap, as it does not take.

The gender pay gap in the European Union European Commissio

  1. In the UK, the gender pay gap increases by 14 percentage points when women have children; in Austria, by 13 percentage points; in France, by 12 percentage points; in the Netherlands by 8 percentage points. The cost of motherhood is lowest in Italy, Spain, and Belgium (3 percentage points or less). In the U.S., the pay difference between women with at least one child and those with no children is 16 percentage points, which is greater than most European countries in this study
  2. Average gender pay gap in EU is 15 percent. The EU has not yet published figures for 2019, but at the end of 2018 the average gender pay gap in the bloc was 15 percent. Germany's 2019 figure of 19 percent is therefore way above the EU average
  3. The gender pay gap varies across Europe. It is below 10 % in Belgium, Portugal, Slovenia, Poland, Malta and Italy, but wider than 25 % in Estonia and Austria [ 2 Although the overall gen- der pay gap has narrowed in the last decade, in some countries the national gender pay gap has actually been widening
  4. Introduction Gender Pay Gap also referred to as Gender wage gap, gender income difference or male-female income difference refers to the difference between the earning of men and women (Victoria, 2006). The European Union defines the Gender Pay gap as the difference between men and women's hourly earnings (OECD, 2012). The difference may be measured on hourly, weekly, monthly, or yearly.
  5. The unadjusted gender pay gap is considered to be an important indicator in monitoring the inequality in pay between men and women in Europe. The most recent Eurostat figures for the unadjusted gender pay gap, which are provisional and relate to 2009, put it at 17.1% on average in the EU27, slightly less than the 17.6% recorded for 2008
  6. A figure has become a symbol for gender inequality in the European Union—16 per cent. It's the gender pay gap. To tackle it, we first need to define what it represents. It is not only that different amounts of money are paid to men and women in companies they work for but that they are differentially represented within their work environments
  7. Gender differences in wages are a persistent pattern in most European countries. This study analyses the earnings divide between men and women and the driving forces behind it in 26 countries. In 2014, the cross-country gender pay gap stood at 14.2%. However, country-level results differ tremendously with high gaps of more than 20% in Estonia and Germany and gaps below 5% in Belgium.

Gender pay gap in Europe: facts and figures (infographic

The gender pay gap (GPG) is the difference between men's and women's pay, expressed as a percentage of male earnings. It is based on the average difference in gross hourly earnings of all employees, intended as wages or salaries paid directly to an employee before any deductions for income tax and social security contributions are made The overall gender earnings gap is a shocking 40% across the EU according to the ETUC. If women were paid the same as men, the poverty rate among working women could be halved and 2.5 million children would come out of poverty The gender pay gap is the difference between men's and women's pay, based on the average difference in gross hourly earnings of all employees. On average, women in the EU earn around 16 % less per hour than men. The gender pay gap varies across Europe. It is below 10 % in Slovenia, Malta, Poland, Italy, Luxembourg and Romania, but wider than 20 % in Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic. Women in the European Union still earn less than men. The gender pay gap in the EU-27 has slightly improved since last year: from 14.5% to 14.1% according to the latest Eurostat findings. The European Equal Pay Day marks the day when women symbolically stop getting paid compared to their male colleagues for the same job

In its conclusions, the Council calls on the Commission to step up the efforts to reduce the gender pay gap and gender gaps in care, using all available measures, and to follow up the measures set out in the EU Action Plan 2017 - 2019 on Tackling the gender pay gap Die Statistik zeigt den Gender Pay Gap, d.h. den Verdienstabstand zwischen Männern und Frauen in den Ländern der Europäischen Union (EU) im Jahr 2018 aufgeschlüsselt nach privaten und öffentlichen Sektor (in Prozent des durchschnittlichen Bruttostundenverdienstes der Männer) Eurostat data shows the EU gender pay gap has closed by 1% over the last eight years, which means women will be waiting for another 84 years to achieve equal pay if current trends continue. Without binding pay equality measures to change the current trends, the ETUC also found: The gender pay gap would continue to grow in nine member state Eurostat produces a map showing the gender pay gap. The map can be found here, at Chapter 13; Gender Statistics, Gender Pay Gap. While EU statistics are not directly comparable with those in the UK, the EU figures show that the average gap within the EU is 16 per cent On 25 February 2020 the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) organised a gathering in front of the European Commission and the Council to highlight their demand to end the secrecy over pay. ETUC's Deputy General Secretary Esther Lynch said: The principle of equal pay for equal work has been enshrined in the European treaties since 1957 so it's high time to make this a reality.

Gender pay gap in the European Union - Tesi di Laurea

Gender equality is a core value of the European Union. This Special EB follows on from a previous Special EB on the subject of gender equality, and explores citizens' opinions about gender equality, with a particular focus on gender equality in politics and at work and the gender pay gap. #####The results by volumes are distributed as follows: * Volume A: Countries * Volume AA: Groups of. Women still earn less than men in the European Union, even if the gender pay gap has narrowed slightly in 2018 compared to 2017, from 14.5% to 14.1%. In Austria, the pay gap in 2018 was at above-average 20.4 % (after 20.7 % in 2017), as the latest figures from the EU statistics office Eurostat show Women's accounts are in the red - In the European Union, the average Gender Pay Gap is 16 per cent (comparison between hourly salaries). Women above 65 are the most at risk of falling into poverty, as they earned less and also have lower pensions as a result. The BPW federations and associate clubs of Europe have been running the Equal Pay Day campaign for the past ten years and will. Nach einer Veröffentlichung der Generaldirektion Justiz der Europäischen Kommission von 2014 liegt in den Ländern der Europäischen Union der unbereinigte Gender-Pay-Gap bei 16 %. In den einzelnen Ländern ist der Gender-Pay-Gap unterschiedlich stark ausgeprägt Gender equality is one of the fundamental values of the European Union. Yet, it is not a reality at work. Women in the EU, across the economy, earn on average over 16% less per hour than men do. This gender pay gap has been plateauing over the last 5 years

Which European countries have the biggest gender

In Europe, generally one of the world's most equal continents, the pay gap is still a major problem. According to the European Commission the average gender pay gap within the EU is around 16%. That means that for every £1 a man in the European Union earns, a woman will earn just 84p. How much more men earn than women on average (% Using European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) data for 24 European Union (EU) members, we conclude that the unexplained gender pay gap in the individual sectors varies both within the individual EU countries and among the countries. The most important factors in explaining the differences in the gender pay gap among the individual sectors are ownership and the proportion of women in the sector. On the other hand, the proportion of female managers and the.

Tackling the gender pay gap in the European Union | Time

Tackling the gender pay gap in the EU Eurofoun

7 Ways to Reduce Gender Pay Gap | Market-Inspector

Gender Pay Gap

Der (unbereinigte) gender pay gap beträgt damit fast 24 Prozent - oder anders gesagt: Anwälte verdienen knapp ein Viertel mehr als Anwältinnen. 15 Bemerkenswert ist hierbei, dass die geschlechts­spe­zi­fischen Einkom­mens­un­ter­schiede beim Berufs­einstieg noch nicht so weit ausgeprägt sind: Rechts­anwälte erzielen ein um 13,4 Prozent höheres Einstiegs­gehalt als Rechts­an­wäl­tinnen In the data, salaries are listed as full-time and include solid supplements and a large number of variable increments in addition to the fixed salary. The MI found that women's wages amount to approximately 86.8% of men's pay; in other words, the unadjusted pay gap is 13.2% The European Union is still struggling to achieve gender parity in the workplace, Slovenia has the narrowest gender gap when it comes to pay at just 3.2 percent. Niall McCarthy Data Journalist. March 8 marks International Women's Day, a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. The day also marks a call to action for accelerating gender parity. On this occasion, the European Union issued a joint statement declaring that 'Our Union is a pioneer in tackling gender-based discrimination and we can be proud of the progress achieved.

Gender pay gap in Germany narrows - but still higher than

  1. The gender pay gap - the difference between average gross hourly earnings of male and female employees expressed as a percentage - was 21% in the UK in 2016, compared with 16.2% in the EU as a.
  2. B9‑0073/2020. European Parliament resolution on the gender pay gap (2019/2870(RSP))The European Parliament, - having regard to Articles 2 and 3(3) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), - having regard to Articles 8, 151, 153 and 157 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), - having regard to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, in particular.
  3. ated until the next century at the current pace of change, ETUC research shows amid a delay in promised European Commission action to end the scandal. Eurostat data shows the EU gender pay gap has closed by 1% over the last eight years, which means women will be waiting for another 84 years to achieve equal pay if current trends continue

Gender Pay Gap in the United States and European Union

  1. French women may have to wait over 1,000 years for the gender pay gap in France to close. The wage gap in the country only narrowed by about 0.1% in the eight years between 2010 and 2018 when it..
  2. Moreover, it explores the links between the gender pay gap and emerging policies aimed at improving work-life balance, with a focus on the role of measures put forward by the Commission's New Start initiative on work-life balance for working parents and carers, such as parental and carer's leave and flexible working arrangements. Further information. Economic Benefits of Gender.
  3. Gender equality is a core value of the EU, a fundamental right, a critical component of economic growth and a key principle of the European Pillar of Social Rights. In this light, the EU has been making progress in the gender equality field over the last decades. Despite progress, however, two decades into the 21st century, gender inequalities in labour markets, employment
  4. Die Statistik zeigt den Gender Pay Gap, d.h. den Verdienstabstand zwischen Männern und Frauen in den Ländern der Europäischen Union (EU) im Jahr 2018 aufgeschlüsselt nach privaten und öffentlichen Sektor (in Prozent des durchschnittlichen Bruttostundenverdienstes der Männer)
  5. The European Trade Union Confederation on Monday found that the EU's gender pay gap will last until the next century at the current pace of change. EU official data shows the bloc's gender pay gap has closed by one percent over the last eight years, which means women in German and the Czech Republic will wait until 2121 for equal pay, while in France it could take over 1,000 years
  6. The European Union's executive aims to introduce laws to combat gender pay gap across the bloc for the first time ever in a bid to fight inequality and boost the economy, according to a document.
  7. For a bit more context, here are some stats on the gender pay gap in the European Union, from its website: In the EU, women on average earn 16% less per hour than men. That means they only earn 84.

Gender equality can be measured in various ways, for example, in terms of unemployment, pay gap, educational level, and unequal treatment. When it comes to unemployment, European countries differ. In the EU, the average pay gap was over three times higher, at 16.2%. The highest gender pay gaps were in Estonia, 25.3%, followed by Czech Republic and Germany, both close to 22% Actualizing Equity: How Danish Legislation Impacts the Gender Pay Gap and What the European Union Can Learn. Published: July 07, 2020. Author: Sam Cannova. Sam Cannova '21, a student in the Program of Liberal Studies at the University of Notre Dame, traveled to Copenhagen with funding from a Nanovic Institute Spring Break Travel and Research Grant to investigate the efficacy of pay gap. Gender equality is one of the fundamental values of the European Union. Yet, it is not a reality at work. Women in the EU, across the economy, earn on average over 16% less per hour than men do. This gender pay gap has been plateauing over the last 5 years. At the current rate of changes, it would only be closed at the breach of the next millennium. The recent stagnation raises questions as to. Gender inequality and the gender gap in life expectancy in the European Union Petra Kolip, Petra Kolip Department of Health Promotion and Prevention, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany . Correspondence: Petra Kolip, Department of Health Promotion and Prevention, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, PO Box 10 01 31, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany, Tel: +49.

We analyze whether female occupations have lower returns and if these are responsible for occupational gender pay gap. We define female occupations as those occupations with more than 72.6% women employed, mixed occupations those occupations where the share of women is between 42.5-72.6% and male dominated occupations as those with a female percent of less than 42.5% In Europe the gender gap, the difference between the gross pensions of men and women over 65 years of age, accounts for about 39%. There are some countries such as Luxemburg, Germany and England. Reducing the pay gap which still stagnates at 16.4% Europe-wide: the European Commission stepped up its efforts by raising awareness about the remaining gender pay gap, marking a European Equal Pay Day (IP/14/190) and monitoring the application of legislation on equal treatment of women and men (IP/13/1227) The European Commission proposed a two-year plan on Monday for closing the gender pay gap after finding little improvement in the past five years

Campaign focuses on unequal share of unpaid care and domestic work. Today 4th - European Unequal Equal Pay Day - PES Women and zij-kant launch their annual campaign in cooperation with the creative agency Mortierbrigade to raise awareness of the gender pay gap in Europe. The campaign marks Unequal Pay Day, the symbolic moment when women start working for free compared to men The average gender pay gap in the whole European Union is still very high, as the disparity in earnings between men and women reaches 16,2% We consider and attempt to understand the gender wage gap across 24 EU member states, all of which share the objective of gender equality, using 2007 data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions. The size of the gender wage gap varies considerably across countries and selection corrections affect the offered gap, sometimes substantially. Most of the gap cannot be. The gender pay gap in the EU still averages around 16%. The European Equal Pay Day date is calculated on this Eurostat figure and symbolizes when women across the EU would stop earning for the rest of the year in comparison to men. Tags: corporate life European Commission Infographic wages women in shippin

Editorial: Time to deal with Estonia’s appalling gender

Using data from the European Structure of Earnings Survey 2006 with information about the wages in 93 occupations in 10 countries, we investigate how the wages of men and women and therefore the gender wage gap varies when the fraction of women increases. We allow for non-linearities in this relationship. In the raw data we find that mixed occupations pay better than occupations in which. The gender pay gap costs Europe more than it can afford. The Belgian Presidency to the EU aims to give new impetus to this field and strongly supports the commitments of the EU institutions and social partners in this respect. The European Commission has pledged to keep this issue, which continues to be a matter of great concern, high on its agenda. The Women's Charter 2010 and the European. Closing the gender pay gap is a priority for the Romanian presidency and also remains a priority at EU and national level. The conclusions recognise that equality between men and women is a fundamental principle of the European Union enshrined in the Treaties. They also take note that according to Eurostat, the gender pay gap in the EU is still approximately 16% and is only very slowly. At European Union level, about 27.5% of women older than 16 years report a limitation of activity, compared with 23.0% of men in the same age group. EU law offers protection against discrimination on the grounds of sex in employment and prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. The gender gap in employment is a proof of the wasted potential. European women and girls have a higher. Closing the gender pay gap in public services: Unions' actions 14 January 2021 - (14 :30 - 17 :00 CET) Online: Zoom platform Languages: EN, FR, DE, ES, IT, HU, SK (TBC) 14:30 - 14:40: Opening remarks - Gloria Mills, Chair of EPSU Women's committee - Sian Moore, University of Greenwich 14:40 - 15:40: Presentation of key findings from the research Closing the gender pay gap in.

The Gender Wage Gaps, 'Sticky Floors' and 'Glass Ceilings' of the European Union We consider and attempt to understand the gender wage gap across 24 EU member states, all of which share the objective of gender equality, using 2007 data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions.* The size of the gender wage gap. There were some important changes to enforcement of the gender pay gap reporting regulations for the 2019/20 reporting year (which used a snapshot date of either 31 March 2019 or 5 April 2019). For more information please read this press release. Department For Exiting The European Union Address 9 Downing Street, London, United Kingdom, SW1A 2AS. Nature of business (SIC) Public administration. Closing the gender pay gap in public services: Unions' actions 14 January 2021 - (14 :30 - 17 :00 CET) Online: Zoom platform Languages: EN, FR, DE, ES, IT, HU, SK Dear colleagues, We are pleased to invite you to the final conference of the Project Closing the gender pay gap in public services: Unions' actions that will take place online on 14 January 2021 (from 14 :30 to 17.

On the basis of the SES data, it appears that at the level of EU25, the gender pay gap is almost 25% (data for Malta, Iceland and Liechtenstein are missing). The largest gap is found in the UK (30%), the smallest in Slovenia (11%) The gender pay gap (GPG) exists in every European country, but it varies considerably, even in EU member states covered by the same legal principles on pay equality. Part of the variation can be explained by different patterns of social partnership. With current policy pressure to de-centralise collective bargaining and increase the percentage of pay linked to productivity, what role can social partnership play in tackling the GPG

Der Gender Pay Gap ist laut Eurostat 16,8% und somit der niedrigste in der EU. Frauengehälter belaufen sich auf 78,9% der Männergehälter. Mit dem Anstieg der Frauenbeschäftigung im Sektor, hat sich der Gender Pay Gap vergrößert, wiewohl in den vergangen Jahren keine Änderung des Gender Pay Gap im Finanzsektor zu erkennen war Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee EU Action Plan 2017-2019 Tackling the gender pay gap The gender pay gap (GPG) exists in every European country, but it varies considerably, even in EU member states covered by the same legal principles on pay equality

These are the sources and citations used to research Gender Pay Gap in the European Union. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Wednesday, February 10, 201 This represents one of the widest gender pay gaps in Europe today. On average, women in the Netherlands earn 18% less than men, 7% of which cannot be explained on the basis of objective differences. Worldwide, women earn 16.5% less than men, while the European average totals 14.5% Belgium has the lowest wage gap between men and women for full-time workers of any country in the European Union. That gap has also shrunk significantly — it's now 1.1 percent, less than a third of.. Dear members of EIGE's Journalist Thematic Network, Please find the online version of the brochure enclosed. Regards from Vilnius, Alexandrina Publication DateJuly, 201

How do we close Europe's gender pay gap? - Debating Europe

Tackling the gender pay gap in the European Union / DG Justice, 2014 Brief document explaining the main causes of the gender pay gap, the benefits of closing it and the main actions undertaken by the EU. Equal Pay Day - 3 November 2016 / European Commission Press Release The EU-wide event marks the date in the new calendar year from which women really begin to be paid for their work as. Men and women's employment rates have improved, but the prime-age gender gap is plateauing In the third quarter of 2016, the employment rate for men stood at 77.4 %, while the employment rate for women reached an all-time high level of 65.5 % (Figure 1) Gender Pay Gap . The difference between the average gross earnings of female and male employees is known as the 'gender pay gap'. In the EU, the gender pay gap is shown as a percentage of men's hourly earnings and, as it does not take into account all of the factors that contribute to the gap, such as differences in education, labour market experience, hours worked, type of job, etc., is.

Gender inequality in the European Union - GeographicalGender Pay GapEstonia needs to stop ignoring its gender pay gapGender Equality Index | European Institute for Gender Equality

Binding pay transparency measures would be an appropriate tool to reduce the gender pay gap and to create more openness about pay and pay inequalities. Therefore, the ETF joins the European Trade Union Confederation's call on the European Commission to act urgently and to bring forward their proposal for a Pay Transparency Directive. The delay is unacceptable! Women transport workers are. The gender wage gap has declined over time. However, most of the remaining gap is unexplained, partly because of gender convergence in wage‐determining characteristics. In this paper, we show the degree of convergence differs substantially across Europe. In some countries, predominantly in Eastern Europe, the gender wage gap is entirely. Among European countries for which data are available, Estonia and the United Kingdom had the highest gender pay gap in 2016 and did not see any reduction during the period in question. In some countries, where the level was fairly high in 2000, there has been a consistent decrease in differences between males' and females' earnings

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